National FAQ: On both rule 5.g 4.b.6 mentioned chemical reaction. Based on Wikipedia on Chemical reaction, it is defined as the chemical formula has changed during the reaction from braking bonds between atoms. Please clarify if the student demonstrate and document this changes to the event supervisor would be consider acceptable chemical reaction. Or you have a different rules to define "Chemical Reaction" that we can follow. (section: 4 / paragraph: b / sub-paragraph: / line: 6)
A: Some signs of chemical reactions include -- formation of a precipitate, release of heat, color changes, changes in conductivity, changes in volume, etc.
Students can use these changes to activate the next step in the process, which normally wouldn't occur unless the chemical reaction occurred. Students should be prepared to explain to the event supervisors what the reactants and products of the reaction are and how the chemical reaction led to the next action.
National FAQ: Do balloons have to be commercial? (section: 4 / paragraph: b / sub-paragraph: i / line: 1)
A: No, balloons do not have to be commercially made but it will be up to the event supervisor to determine if the homemade item qualifies as a balloon.
National FAQ: Please clarify if the Balloon can be made from any material, any color and inflate with fluid (gas or liquid) as it is not mentioned in the rule. (section: 4 / paragraph: b / sub-paragraph: i / line: 1)
A: The balloon may be made out of any material and may be any color. The event supervisor does have the right to inspect the balloon prior to competition and may disallow the use of said balloon if he/she deems it to pose a hazard to the students or public.
The definition of inflate according to MW dictionary uses "air or gas" as the source of inflation. According to the common definition of inflate, liquids would not be allowed.